Village’s name: Tesbatan
Address: Tesbatan, Amarasi Sub-district, Kupang Regency, East Nusa Tenggara
Population : 1,914 people, 338 households
Village’s Headman: Yonatan Sina (0852 5323 3852)
Tesbatan village is located in Amarasi sub-district, Kupang Regency and was established in 1968. Its distance from El Tari International Airport, Kupang city is 40 kilometres, around 90 minutes’ drive from the city centre. The only way to reach the village is by driving a car, yet the road’s condition is quite challenging. The very first 20 kilometres is quite good as it has been asphalted well. After that, we have to face the winding road on the hill which also bumpy. However , when entering the village, the road gets better.
Tesbatan village is divided into four sub-villages namely Koat (sub-village I), Haumoro (sub-village II), Taindira (sub-village III), and Oebak ( sub-village IV). Bordering the village are Tesbatan II village at the east, Ponaain village at the west whilst north is with Amabi sub-district and south is with Amarasi Selatan sub-district. In general, Tesbatan is a village on the slope of a hill blessed with fertile soil. It is quite hot during the day but when the night comes, the weather turns colder. Rainy season usually comes on December until March. The rest, April to November is the dry season which a lot longer than the rainy season.
In Haumoro and Koat sub-village, there are huge paddy fields. Tesbatan has abundant water as there is a waterfall near the village, as well as the clear air and surrounded by trees all along the road. The waterfall holds an important role in order to fulfill the daily needs of water by the villagers. It flows through the pipe installed as the waterway to the water tank than it is distributed to each sub-village. Although the water supply is sufficient for the villagers, some of them still do not have toilets in their houses.
Besides the main water source for the villagers, the waterfall is also one of the tourist destinations that is widely known by many people in Kupang. Many people spent their time by visiting the waterfall, especially on weekend of holidays. It has a crystal-clear water and surrounded by large shady trees which is interesting to the visitors. Sadly, the operational activity is still lack in many areas. Hence, it looks like the waterfall is not maintained well.
The road in Tesbatan village is quite good so the transportation from and to each sub-villages is easier. Moreover, electricity supply is perfectly affordable for the villagers although the internet and communication network are not sufficiently good. There are also educational institutions ranging from playgroup to senior high school.
The village consists of 1,914 people divided into 388 families and households. Majority of the villagers work as farmers focusing on rice, corn and vegetables productions. Most of the agricultural products are sell in the local market in Oesao, around 20 kilometres from Tesbatan. Not many villagers are eager to process their raw products into a new one rather than directly sell it to buyers in the market. Tesbatan is also known for its diversity of the people based on ethnicity and religion. People often call the Sub-village III, Taindira as “kampong muslim” as the majority of the people there are moslem. They live in peace and harmony between one and another.
Problems and potential
Not many people in the village have a sufficient skill in utilizing the natural resources, which makes that these sources do not give much positive impacts to the villagers. Water sources from the waterfall is not distributed well to the villagers as some of the people still find it difficult to collect water. In sub-village IV, Oebak, the people have to walk quite long to reach the water reservoir twice a day using jerry cans. This inefficiency is due to the distribution problem as the water reservoirs are not available in sufficient quantities.
Another problem is the waterfall as a tourist destination that is not well-managed. There are still plenty of trashes spreading around such as plastic bags, mineral water’s bottle etc. also, there is no trash can provided in the location so people do not know the right place to put their trash.
The public toilet is as worse as the waste problem. There is no water tub inside the toilet and the building is dirty as no one has ever used that. Although there is a gazebo for the tourists, but the condition is not sufficient for people to shelter there. Cleanliness is still a major problem in the waterfall as a tourist destination. The youth organization of the village holds the responsibility in managing the tourist attraction, but due to their lack of knowledge and skill in handling tourism management, the waterfall is seemed unmaintained well. Aside from that, ticketing process and the ticket man only exists during the holiday season
Tesbatan village has a huge potential of the water source. The water is clear and pure, enough in quantity all along the year. The sufficiency of water helps the villagers in fulfilling their daily needs of water, but only ion Sub-village I, II and III. Sub-village IV needs to expand the water facility so it would be easier for them to collect water closely to their home. The possible programme is maximizing the water distribution in sub-village IV.
Furthermore, the village needs to expand its potential in tourism attraction. The Tesbatan Waterfall needs to be upgrade in its quality and service, as well as the visual appearance so people would find it comfortable to be visited. The place has so much potential in its natural attraction, as long as the people know how to manage it beautifully and operate is in a very professional way. If they know and they do so, this would be helping the village economy and enhance the livelihood.